On 5th December, it’s World Soils Day, a day where we celebrate soil and encourage those working in agriculture to focus their attention on maintaining soil health. But why should you invest in your soil? What benefits are there for you and your farm?
Put simply, better knowledge of your soils can save you time and money, and ultimately increase profitability. Regular soil testing can give you the opportunity to increase crop yields, use less fertiliser, take advantage of carbon markets and ultimately improve revenue streams. Read on to find out how IAS can help.
Regular monitoring of your soil with expert analysis is essential to maintain yields and maximise nutrient use efficiency. By monitoring your soil regularly, you may increase crop yield and will be able to carefully plan your use of fertiliser, saving you time and money.
You should monitor soil pH, nitrogen and other nutrients, soil texture and soil organic matter.
When soil pH falls to 5.5, wheat yields can be reduced as much as 25%.
Nutrient availability is significantly lowered in acidic soils. At pH 5.5, nitrogen and potassium availability drops to 77% and phosphorus to 48%, in turn decreasing crop yield.
As the key yield building nutrient for all crops, nitrogen is responsible for the rapid growth of foliage, plays an important role in photosynthesis, and influences vegetative growth. When there’s a deficiency, you’ll often see stunted crop growth, yellowing of leaves, and weakness during fruiting and flowering, resulting in lower yields.
Whilst nitrogen fertiliser can be applied to correct deficiency, at £870/tonne, it’s worth checking whether your soil really needs it! Our N-Check analysis service assesses how much nitrogen is left in the soil after Winter to determine how much fertiliser you need to apply in the Spring.
Between one third and one half of all soils tested are found to be deficient in at least one nutrient. But why is this important?
Let’s take calcium as an example. Crops require a continuous supply of calcium, which is essential for the formation of cell walls and membranes. Calcium also stimulates root and leaf development, affects uptake of other nutrients, flocculates the soil for improved soil structure, and is used to correct acidity in soils as calcium carbonate.
To make sure your soil contains enough nutrients for a healthy crop, we recommend soil testing at least every four years.
We measure the physical parameters of your soil, including bulk density. Compacted soils prevent the free movement of water, restrict root growth and significantly impact yield.
You can reduce compaction by avoiding working wet soil, by adding organic matter and by adding lime. Soil texture maps will help in planning remedial action as soon as conditions allow. Discuss with your agronomist or contact us to monitor your soil texture more closely.
The higher soil organic matter (SOM) content, the more fertile a soil is. For example, whilst a 3% SOM content soil typically mineralises about 25kg N/ha, an 8% content soil mineralises around 65kg N/ha.
Sending your soil samples to us for CarbonCheck analysis will give you an accurate measure of soil organic matter as well as an understanding of soil fertility through active carbon testing. At the same time, you can ask for N-Check analysis, which measures the mineral nitrogen in your soils to help you plan fertiliser applications for the coming season.
We recommend regular soil testing to make the most of what’s already in your soils, help you adjust farming practices to improve soil health, and plan effective crop management strategies for the coming season.
All landowners, farmers and their advisors, including agronomists, can use our various testing for their soils. This can increase revenue streams, advise on and improve soil health and productivity.
Soil health can be measured using a range of our soil analysis services, booked with us directly or through your agronomist. Our CarbonCheck Plus package includes active carbon on top of the full list of soil carbon tests, which is necessary if you are trying to improve soil health and assess the impact of sustainable farming practices.
By undertaking regular soil testing at the same time of year at the same depth, you will get a solid picture for the condition of the soil around the farm. Remember, this will vary according to farm location and should be considered a long-term project to give the soil the time it needs to improve. By using your soil testing data, you can work with your agronomist to make the best management decisions for your farm and improve soil health. This could include changes to fertiliser plans, choices in crop rotation, cultivation methods, and much more.
If you are trying to improve soil health, you will need to measure active carbon. CarbonCheck Plus includes an active carbon measurement on top of the full list of soil tests available with our baseline CarbonCheck package. Measuring, monitoring, and benchmarking soil health for year-on-year improvements with CarbonCheck Plus will also enable you to assess the impact of sustainable farming practices.
Find a list of our soil services here or contact us today on 059 9721022.